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CSS Media Queries

Media queries are a key part of responsive web design, as they allow you to create different layouts depending on the size of the viewport, but they can also be used to detect other things about the environment your site is running on, for example whether the user is using a touchscreen rather than a mouse.

Media queries allow one to apply CSS rules based on the type of device / media (e.g. screen, print or handheld) called media type, additional aspects of the device are described with media features such as the availability of color or viewport dimensions.

General Structure of a Media Query

@media [...] {
 /* One or more CSS rules to apply when the query is satisfied */
}


A Media Query containing a Media Type

@media print {
 /* One or more CSS rules to apply when the query is satisfied */
}


A Media Query containing a Media Type and a Media Feature

@media screen and (max-width: 600px) {
 /* One or more CSS rules to apply when the query is satisfied */
}


A Media Query containing a Media Feature (and an implicit Media Type of "all")

@media (orientation: portrait) {
 /* One or more CSS rules to apply when the query is satisfied */
}


Deprecated Features Details

parameters details
device-aspect-ratio Deprecated CSS will only display on devices whose height/width ratio matches the specified ratio. This is adeprecatedfeature and is not guaranteed to work.
max-device-width Deprecated Same as max-width but measures the physical screen width, rather than the display width of the browser.
min-device-width Deprecated Same as min-width but measures the physical screen width, rather than the display width of the browser.
max-device-height Deprecated Same as max-height but measures the physical screen width, rather than the display width of the browser.
min-device-height Deprecated Same as min-height but measures the physical screen width, rather than the display width of the browser.




Conclusion

In this page (written and validated by ) you learned about CSS Media Queries . What's Next? If you are interested in completing CSS tutorial, your next topic will be learning about: CSS Mediatype.



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