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C++ if else if Statement

In C++, if..else..if statement allows us add alternative set of test conditions in if..else statement using else-if and single else statements for if condition. In such way if..else..if statement is used to select one among several blocks of code to be executed.

C++ if else if Statement Syntax

if(condition1) {
 // statement(s)
}
else if(condition2){
 // statement(s)
}
.
.
else if(conditionN){
 // statement(s)
}
else {
 // statement(s)
}


Example C++ if else if Statement

#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main() {
  int x = 20;
  int y = 10;
  if (x > y) {
    cout << "x is greater than y";
  } else if (x < y) {
    cout << "y is greater than x";
  } else {
  	cout << "y and x are equal";
  }
  return 0;
}

Output

x is greater than y

Conclusion

In this page (written and validated by ) you learned about C++ if else if Statement . What's Next? If you are interested in completing Cpp tutorial, your next topic will be learning about: Cpp Switch Statements.



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