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NodeJS Sending a file stream to client

Using fs And pipe To Stream Static Files From The Server


A good VOD (Video On Demand) service should start with the basics. Lets say you have a directory on your server that is not publicly accessible, yet through some sort of portal or paywall you want to allow users to access your media.

var movie = path.resolve('./public/' + req.params.filename);
 fs.stat(movie, function (err, stats) {
 var range = req.headers.range;
 if (!range) {
 return res.sendStatus(416);
 }
 //Chunk logic here
 var positions = range.replace(/bytes=/, "").split("-");
 var start = parseInt(positions[0], 10);
 var total = stats.size;
 var end = positions[1] ? parseInt(positions[1], 10) : total - 1;
 var chunksize = (end - start) + 1;
 res.writeHead(206, {
 'Transfer-Encoding': 'chunked',
 "Content-Range": "bytes " + start + "-" + end + "/" + total,
 "Accept-Ranges": "bytes",
 "Content-Length": chunksize,
 "Content-Type": mime.lookup(req.params.filename)
 });
 var stream = fs.createReadStream(movie, { start: start, end: end, autoClose: true })
 .on('end', function () {
 console.log('Stream Done');
 })
 .on("error", function (err) {
 res.end(err);
 })
 .pipe(res, { end: true });
 });

The above snippet is a basic outline for how you would like to stream your video to a client. The chunk logic depends on a variety of factors, including network traffic and latency. It is important to balance chuck size vs. quantity.

Finally, the .pipe call lets node.js know to keep a connection open with the server and to send additional chunks as needed.

Conclusion

In this page (written and validated by ) you learned about NodeJS Sending a file stream to client . What's Next? If you are interested in completing NodeJS tutorial, your next topic will be learning about: NodeJS with Redis.



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