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PHP Integers

Integers in PHP can be natively specified in base 2 (binary), base 8 (octal), base 10 (decimal), or base 16
(hexadecimal.)


$my_decimal = 42;
$my_binary = 0b101010;
$my_octal = 052;
$my_hexadecimal = 0x2a;
echo ($my_binary + $my_octal) / 2;

Output

42

Integers are 32 or 64 bits long, depending on the platform. The constant PHP_INT_SIZE holds integer size in bytes. PHP_INT_MAX and (since PHP 7.0) PHP_INT_MIN are also available.


printf("Integers are %d bits long" . PHP_EOL, PHP_INT_SIZE * 8);
printf("They go up to %d" . PHP_EOL, PHP_INT_MAX);

Integer values are automatically created as needed from floats, booleans, and strings. If an explicit typecast is needed, it can be done with the (int) or (integer) cast:


$my_numeric_string = "123";
var_dump($my_numeric_string);
$my_integer = (int)$my_numeric_string;
var_dump($my_integer);

Output

string(3) "123"
int(123)

Integer overflow will be handled by conversion to a float:


$too_big_integer = PHP_INT_MAX + 7;
var_dump($too_big_integer);

Output

float(9.2233720368548E+18)

There is no integer division operator in PHP, but it can be simulated using an implicit cast, which always 'rounds' by just discarding the float-part. As of PHP version 7, an integer division function was added.


$not_an_integer = 25 / 4;
var_dump($not_an_integer);
var_dump((int) (25 / 4));
var_dump(intdiv(25 / 4));

Output

float(6.25)
int(6)
int(6)

(Note that the extra parentheses around (25 / 4) are needed because the (int) cast has higher precedence than the division)



Conclusion

In this page (written and validated by ) you learned about PHP Integers . What's Next? If you are interested in completing PHP tutorial, your next topic will be learning about: PHP Operators.



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