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PHP Type Comparison

There are two types of comparison: loose comparison with == and strict comparison with ===. Strict comparison ensures both the type and value of both sides of the operator are the same.


Loose comparisons

var_dump(1 == 1); // true
var_dump(1 == "1"); // true
var_dump(1 == true); // true
var_dump(0 == false); // true

Strict comparisons

var_dump(1 === 1); // true
var_dump(1 === "1"); // false
var_dump(1 === true); // false
var_dump(0 === false); // false

Notable exception: NAN — it never is equal to anything

var_dump(NAN == NAN); // false
var_dump(NAN === NAN); // false

You can also use strong comparison to check if type and value don't match using !==.
A typical example where the == operator is not enough, are functions that can return different types, like strpos, which returns false if the searchword is not found, and the match position (int) otherwise:


if(strpos('text', 'searchword') == false)
 // strpos returns false, so == comparison works as expected here, BUT:
if(strpos('text bla', 'text') == false)
 // strpos returns 0 (found match at position 0) and 0==false is true.
 // This is probably not what you expect!
if(strpos('text','text') === false)
 // strpos returns 0, and 0===false is false, so this works as expected.


Conclusion

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