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Run Command Prompt Commands in PHP


php run command line

shell_exec('ls');
// or
exec('ls');

how to execute cmd command in php


I'm not sure what shell you are going to get with this function, but you can find out like this:

<?php
$cmd = 'set';
echo "<pre>".shell_exec($cmd)."</pre>";
?>

On my FreeBSD 6.1 box I get this:

USER=root
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib/apache2:
HOME=/root
PS1='$ '
OPTIND=1
PS2='> '
LOGNAME=root
PPID=88057
PATH=/etc:/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin
SHELL=/bin/sh
IFS='     
'

Very interesting.  Note that the PATH may not be as complete as you need.  I wanted to run Ghostscript via ImageMagik's "convert" and ended up having to add my path before running the command:

<?php
$cmd = 'export PATH="/usr/local/bin/"; convert -scale 25%x25% file1.pdf[0] file2.png 2>&1';
echo "<pre>".shell_exec($cmd)."</pre>";
?>

ALSO, note that shell_exec() does not grab STDERR, so use "2>&1" to redirect it to STDOUT and catch it.


Conclusion

In this page (written and validated by ) you learned about . What's Next? If you are interested in completing PHP tutorial, we encourage you simply to start here: PHP Tutorial.



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